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Custom Video Player Using Javascript

Hey everyone. Welcome to today’s tutorial. In today’s tutorial, we will learn how to create a Custom Video Player. To build this project, we need HTML, CSS and Javascript.
 
This project is suitable for javascript intermediates. If you are looking for more projects, you should check out this playlist here. It consists of 95+ javascript projects along with source code. The difficulty of these projects varies from simple to quite complex ones. Therefore this playlist is suitable for everyone including javascript beginners to javascript intermediates.

Video Tutorial:

If you are interested to learn by watching a video tutorial rather than reading this blog post, you can watch the video down below. Also subscribe to my youtube channel where I post new tips, tricks and tutorials every alternate day.

Project Folder Structure:

Before we start coding let us take a look at the project folder structure. We create a project folder called – ‘Custom Video Player’. Inside this folder, we have three files. The first file is index.html which is the HTML document. Next, we have style.css which is the stylesheet. Finally, we have script.js which is the script file.

HTML:

We start with the HTML code. First, copy the code below and paste it into your HTML document.

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
  <head>
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0" />
    <title>Custom Video Player</title>
    <!-- Font Awesome Icons -->
    <link
      rel="stylesheet"
      href="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/font-awesome/6.1.1/css/all.min.css"
    />
    <!-- Google Fonts -->
    <link
      href="https://fonts.googleapis.com/css2?family=Roboto+Mono&display=swap"
      rel="stylesheet"
    />
    <!-- Stylesheet -->
    <link rel="stylesheet" href="style.css" />
  </head>
  <body>
    <div class="container">
      <div class="rotate-container hide">
        <div id="rotate-icon">
          <i class="fa-solid fa-rotate-left"></i>
          <p>Rotate for a better experience</p>
        </div>
      </div>
      <div class="video-container" id="video-container">
        <video id="my-video" preload="metadata">
          <source
            src="https://dl.dropbox.com/s/l90y72zm97ayzhx/my%20video.mp4?raw=1"
            type="video/mp4"
          />
          Your browser does not support the video tag
        </video>
        <div class="controls" id="controls">
          <div class="progress-container flex-space">
            <div id="progress-bar">
              <div id="current-progress"></div>
            </div>
            <div class="song-timer">
              <span id="current-time">00:00</span>
              <span>/</span>
              <span id="max-duration">00:00</span>
            </div>
          </div>
          <div id="video-controls" class="video-controls flex-space">
            <div class="container-1 flex">
              <div>
                <!-- Play video -->
                <button id="play-btn" class="control-btn">
                  <i class="fa-solid fa-play"></i>
                </button>
                <!-- Pause video-->
                <button id="pauseButton" class="control-btn hide">
                  <i class="fa-solid fa-pause"></i>
                </button>
              </div>
              <!-- volume of video-->
              <div id="volume" class="volume flex">
                <span id="high">
                  <i class="fa-solid fa-volume-high"></i>
                </span>
                <span class="hide" id="low">
                  <i class="fa-solid fa-volume-low"></i>
                </span>
                <span class="hide" id="mute">
                  <i class="fa-solid fa-volume-xmark"></i>
                </span>
                <input
                  type="range"
                  min="0"
                  max="100"
                  value="50"
                  id="volume-range"
                  oninput="slider()"
                />
                <span id="volume-num">50</span>
              </div>
            </div>
            <div class="container-2 flex-space">
              <div class="playback">
                <button id="playback-speed-btn">1x</button>
                <div class="playback-options hide">
                  <button onclick="setPlayback(0.5)">0.5</button>
                  <button onclick="setPlayback(1.0)">1</button>
                  <button onclick="setPlayback(2.0)">2</button>
                </div>
              </div>
              <!-- screen size -->
              <div id="size-screen">
                <button id="screen-expand">
                  <i class="fa-solid fa-expand"></i>
                </button>
                <button id="screen-compress" class="hide">
                  <i class="fa-solid fa-compress"></i>
                </button>
              </div>
            </div>
          </div>
        </div>
      </div>
    </div>
    <!-- Script -->
    <script src="script.js"></script>
  </body>
</html>

CSS:

Next, we style our video player using CSS. For this copy, the code provided to you below and paste it into your stylesheet.

* {
  padding: 0;
  margin: 0;
  box-sizing: border-box;
  outline: none;
  color: #ffffff;
  font-family: "Roboto Mono", monospace;
}
body {
  background-color: #2887e3;
}
.flex {
  display: flex;
}
.flex-space {
  display: flex;
  justify-content: space-between;
}
.container {
  padding: 1em 0;
}
#my-video {
  width: 100%;
}
.rotate-container {
  top: 0;
  position: absolute;
  height: 100%;
  width: 100%;
  background-color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.3);
  display: flex;
  justify-content: center;
  align-items: center;
}
#rotate-icon {
  display: flex;
  flex-direction: column;
  color: #dddddd;
  text-align: center;
}
.hide {
  display: none;
}
.video-container {
  width: 60%;
  position: absolute;
  transform: translate(-50%, -50%);
  left: 50%;
  top: 50%;
  box-shadow: 20px 30px 50px rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.2);
}
.controls {
  position: absolute;
  left: 0;
  right: 0;
  bottom: 0;
  background-color: rgba(35, 34, 39, 0.8);
}
.progress-container {
  align-items: center;
  padding: 0 0.5em;
}
.video-controls {
  flex-direction: row;
  align-items: center;
}
#progress-bar {
  position: relative;
  width: 75%;
  height: 5px;
  background-color: #000000;
  margin: 1em 0;
  vertical-align: 2px;
  border-radius: 5px;
  cursor: pointer;
}
.song-timer {
  font-size: 0.8em;
  width: 25%;
  text-align: right;
}
#current-progress {
  position: absolute;
  left: 0;
  display: inline-block;
  height: 5px;
  width: 0;
  background: #2887e3;
  border-radius: 5px;
}
#current-progress:after {
  content: "";
  position: absolute;
  left: calc(100% - 1.5px);
  top: -2.5px;
  width: 10px;
  height: 10px;
  border-radius: 50%;
  background-color: #ffffff;
}
.playback {
  position: relative;
}
.control-btn,
#screen-expand,
#screen-compress {
  width: 3em;
  height: 3em;
  outline: none;
  border: none;
  background-color: transparent;
}
#size-screen {
  margin-left: auto;
}
.volume {
  align-items: center;
  margin-left: 0.6em;
}
#volume-range {
  position: relative;
  margin: 0 0.5em;
  cursor: pointer;
  height: 5px;
  -webkit-appearance: none;
  background-color: #000000;
  border-radius: 5px;
  outline: none;
}
input[type="range"]::-webkit-slider-thumb {
  -webkit-appearance: none;
  height: 10px;
  width: 10px;
  background-color: #2887e3;
  border-radius: 50%;
  cursor: pointer;
  border: none;
}
.fa-solid {
  font-size: 1.1rem;
}
.container-2 {
  width: 10%;
  min-width: 70px;
  align-items: center;
}
#playback-speed-btn {
  position: relative;
  background-color: transparent;
  border: 1px solid #ffffff;
  color: #ffffff;
  font-size: 0.9rem;
  border-radius: 5px;
  padding: 0.3em 0.25em;
  cursor: pointer;
}
.playback-options {
  position: absolute;
  bottom: 0;
  background-color: #000000;
  min-width: 5em;
  box-shadow: 0 8px 16px 0 rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.2);
  z-index: 1;
}
.playback-options button {
  color: #ffffff;
  border-left: 0;
  border-right: 0;
  border-top: 0;
  width: 100%;
  background-color: transparent;
  padding: 1em;
  text-decoration: none;
  display: block;
}
@media all and (display-mode: fullscreen) {
  .container {
    padding: 0;
  }
  .video-container {
    width: 100%;
    margin: 0;
  }
  .controls {
    position: absolute;
    display: block;
    bottom: 0;
    left: 0;
    width: 100%;
    z-index: 2;
  }
  #progress-bar {
    width: 80%;
  }
  .song-timer {
    width: 20%;
    font-size: 1.2em;
  }
  .fa-solid {
    color: #dddddd;
  }
}

@media only screen and (max-width: 768px) {
  .video-container,
  .controls {
    width: 100%;
  }
  span {
    display: inline;
  }
  #progress-bar {
    width: 60%;
  }
  .song-timer {
    width: 40%;
    font-size: 0.9em;
  }
  .fa-solid {
    font-size: 1rem;
  }
  .control-btn,
  #screen-expand,
  #screen-compress {
    width: 2em;
    height: 1.5em;
  }
}
@media only screen and (max-width: 768px) and (display-mode: fullscreen) {
  .video-container {
    margin-top: 50%;
  }
}

Javascript:

Lastly, we add functionality to our custom video player using Javascript. Once again copy the code below and paste it into your script file.
We do this in fourteen steps:
Create initial references.
Implement slider()
Detect device type.
Implement functionality for the play and pause button.
Hide/Show playback speed options
Function to set playback speed.
Logic to mute video.
Function to set Fullscreen.
Function to exit Fullscreen.
Create a function to format the current time & maximum time.
Create a function to update progress & timer.
Implement a click event on the progress bar.
Function on window load.

let videoContainer = document.querySelector(".video-container");
let container = document.querySelector(".container");
let myVideo = document.getElementById("my-video");
let rotateContainer = document.querySelector(".rotate-container");
let videoControls = document.querySelector(".controls");
let playButton = document.getElementById("play-btn");
let pauseButton = document.getElementById("pauseButton");
let volume = document.getElementById("volume");
let volumeRange = document.getElementById("volume-range");
let volumeNum = document.getElementById("volume-num");
let high = document.getElementById("high");
let low = document.getElementById("low");
let mute = document.getElementById("mute");
let sizeScreen = document.getElementById("size-screen");
let screenCompress = document.getElementById("screen-compress");
let screenExpand = document.getElementById("screen-expand");
const currentProgress = document.getElementById("current-progress");
const currentTimeRef = document.getElementById("current-time");
const maxDuration = document.getElementById("max-duration");
const progressBar = document.getElementById("progress-bar");
const playbackSpeedButton = document.getElementById("playback-speed-btn");
const playbackContainer = document.querySelector(".playback");
const playbackSpeedOptions = document.querySelector(".playback-options");

function slider() {
  valPercent = (volumeRange.value / volumeRange.max) * 100;
  volumeRange.style.background = `linear-gradient(to right, #2887e3 ${valPercent}%, #000000 ${valPercent}%)`;
}

//events object
let events = {
  mouse: {
    click: "click",
  },
  touch: {
    click: "touchstart",
  },
};

let deviceType = "";

//Detech touch device
const isTouchDevice = () => {
  try {
    //We try to create TouchEvent (it would fail for desktops and throw error)
    document.createEvent("TouchEvent");
    deviceType = "touch";
    return true;
  } catch (e) {
    deviceType = "mouse";
    return false;
  }
};

//play and pause button
playButton.addEventListener("click", () => {
  myVideo.play();
  pauseButton.classList.remove("hide");
  playButton.classList.add("hide");
});

pauseButton.addEventListener(
  "click",
  (pauseVideo = () => {
    myVideo.pause();
    pauseButton.classList.add("hide");
    playButton.classList.remove("hide");
  })
);

//playback
playbackContainer.addEventListener("click", () => {
  playbackSpeedOptions.classList.remove("hide");
});

//if user clicks outside or on the option
window.addEventListener("click", (e) => {
  if (!playbackContainer.contains(e.target)) {
    playbackSpeedOptions.classList.add("hide");
  } else if (playbackSpeedOptions.contains(e.target)) {
    playbackSpeedOptions.classList.add("hide");
  }
});

//playback speed
const setPlayback = (value) => {
  playbackSpeedButton.innerText = value + "x";
  myVideo.playbackRate = value;
};

//mute video
const muter = () => {
  mute.classList.remove("hide");
  high.classList.add("hide");
  low.classList.add("hide");
  myVideo.volume = 0;
  volumeNum.innerHTML = 0;
  volumeRange.value = 0;
  slider();
};

//when user click on high and low volume then mute the audio
high.addEventListener("click", muter);
low.addEventListener("click", muter);

//for volume
volumeRange.addEventListener("input", () => {
  //for converting % to decimal values since video.volume would accept decimals only
  let volumeValue = volumeRange.value / 100;
  myVideo.volume = volumeValue;
  volumeNum.innerHTML = volumeRange.value;
  //mute icon, low volume, high volume icons
  if (volumeRange.value < 50) {
    low.classList.remove("hide");
    high.classList.add("hide");
    mute.classList.add("hide");
  } else if (volumeRange.value > 50) {
    low.classList.add("hide");
    high.classList.remove("hide");
    mute.classList.add("hide");
  }
});

//Screen size
screenExpand.addEventListener("click", () => {
  screenCompress.classList.remove("hide");
  screenExpand.classList.add("hide");
  videoContainer
    .requestFullscreen()
    .catch((err) => alert("Your device doesn't support full screen API"));
  if (isTouchDevice) {
    let screenOrientation =
      screen.orientation || screen.mozOrientation || screen.msOrientation;
    if (screenOrientation.type == "portrait-primary") {
      //update styling for fullscreen
      pauseVideo();
      rotateContainer.classList.remove("hide");
      const myTimeout = setTimeout(() => {
        rotateContainer.classList.add("hide");
      }, 3000);
    }
  }
});

//if user presses escape the browser fire 'fullscreenchange' event
document.addEventListener("fullscreenchange", exitHandler);
document.addEventListener("webkitfullscreenchange", exitHandler);
document.addEventListener("mozfullscreenchange", exitHandler);
document.addEventListener("MSFullscreenchange", exitHandler);

function exitHandler() {
  //if fullscreen is closed
  if (
    !document.fullscreenElement &&
    !document.webkitIsFullScreen &&
    !document.mozFullScreen &&
    !document.msFullscreenElement
  ) {
    normalScreen();
  }
}

//back to normal screen
screenCompress.addEventListener(
  "click",
  (normalScreen = () => {
    screenCompress.classList.add("hide");
    screenExpand.classList.remove("hide");
    if (document.fullscreenElement) {
      if (document.exitFullscreen) {
        document.exitFullscreen();
      } else if (document.mozCancelFullScreen) {
        document.mozCancelFullScreen();
      } else if (document.webkitExitFullscreen) {
        document.webkitExitFullscreen();
      }
    }
  })
);

//Format time
const timeFormatter = (timeInput) => {
  let minute = Math.floor(timeInput / 60);
  minute = minute < 10 ? "0" + minute : minute;
  let second = Math.floor(timeInput % 60);
  second = second < 10 ? "0" + second : second;
  return `${minute}:${second}`;
};

//Update progress every second
setInterval(() => {
  currentTimeRef.innerHTML = timeFormatter(myVideo.currentTime);
  currentProgress.style.width =
    (myVideo.currentTime / myVideo.duration.toFixed(3)) * 100 + "%";
}, 1000);

//update timer
myVideo.addEventListener("timeupdate", () => {
  currentTimeRef.innerText = timeFormatter(myVideo.currentTime);
});

//If user click on progress bar
isTouchDevice();
progressBar.addEventListener(events[deviceType].click, (event) => {
  //start of progressbar
  let coordStart = progressBar.getBoundingClientRect().left;
  //mouse click position
  let coordEnd = !isTouchDevice() ? event.clientX : event.touches[0].clientX;
  let progress = (coordEnd - coordStart) / progressBar.offsetWidth;
  //set width to progress
  currentProgress.style.width = progress * 100 + "%";
  //set time
  myVideo.currentTime = progress * myVideo.duration;
  //play
  myVideo.play();
  pauseButton.classList.remove("hide");
  playButton.classList.add("hide");
});

window.onload = () => {
  //display duration
  myVideo.onloadedmetadata = () => {
    maxDuration.innerText = timeFormatter(myVideo.duration);
  };
  slider();
};

That’s it for this tutorial. If you face any issues while creating this code, you can download the source code by clicking the ‘Download Code’ button below.
Also, I would love to hear from you guys, so if you have any queries, suggestions, or feedback you can comment below.
Happy Coding!

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